Database Design and Modeling Definitions

  • D

    database normalization

    Database normalization is intrinsic to most relational database schemes. It is a process that organizes data into tables so that results are always unambiguous.

  • Database: Glossary

    This is a glossary of database-related terms.

  • E

    ECMAScript (European Computer Manufacturers Association Script)

    ECMAScript is a standard script language, developed with the cooperation of Netscape and Microsoft and mainly derived from Netscape's JavaScript, the widely-used scripting language that is used in Web pages to affect how they look or behave for the user.

  • EDM (Electronic Document Management)

    EDM (Electronic Document Management) is the management of different kinds of documents in an enterprise using computer programs and storage.

  • F

    flat file

    A flat file contains records that have no structured interrelationship. A flat file typically consists of a text file, from which all word processing or other structure characters or markup have been removed.

  • I

    initial extent

    The initial extent is a set of contiguous blocks in a database segment that is automatically allocated when the segment is created.

  • intelligent database

    An intelligent database is a full-text database that employs artficial intelligence (AI), interacting with users to ensure that returned items (hits) contain the most relevant information possible. This is in contrast to a traditional database, which is searchable only by keywords and verbatim phrases connected by Boolean operations such as AND, OR, and NOT. Intelligent database technology is in its infancy, and is evolving as AI becomes more advanced.

  • M

    Microsoft Visual FoxPro (Microsoft VFP)

    Microsoft Visual FoxPro (VFP) is an object-oriented programming environment with a built-in relational database engine.

  • multidimensional expressions (MDX)

    multidimensional expressions (MDX)

  • O

    ODL (Open and Distance Learning)

    Open and Distance Learning (ODL) is a general term for the use of telecommunication to provide or enhance learning.

  • OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog)

    An OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog) is an online bibliography of a library collection that is available to the public.

  • P

    primary key (primary keyword)

    A primary key, also called a primary keyword, is a key in a relational database that is unique for each record.

  • R

    record standardization

    In data management, record standardization is a process in which files are first parsed (assigned to appropriate fields in a database record) and then translated to a common format.

  • S

    schema

    In computer programming, a schema (pronounced SKEE-mah) is the organization or structure for a database.

  • segment

    A segment is a defined portion or section of something larger such as a database, geometric object, or network.

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