Tip

Orphaned logins

If a dump of a SQL Server user database is restored to a different SQL Server (such as a hot backup server) or to the same SQL Server after either rebuilding or reloading an old version of the master database, user logons and permissions on the database may be incorrect. This will also occur if the database is detached and attached to a different (or even the same) server.

The DBA will usually get this error:

Microsoft SQL-DMO (ODBC SQLState: 42000) Error 15023: User or role '%s' already exists in the current database.

This info can be found buried deep within TechNet, but I have seen this error posted on several boards so I thought it might be helpful. Here is a script that will fix a single user where login = username:

EXEC sp_change_users_login 'Auto_Fix', 'login' 

--This will loop through the master db 
--and fix all users within a database. 
--this example fixes users within the 
--model db but could be modified for 
--any database 

DECLARE logins CURSOR KEYSET 
FOR 
SELECT name FROM master..sysusers       
WHERE islogin = '1' 

ORDER BY 'uid' 

DECLARE @login sysname 
OPEN logins 

FETCH NEXT FROM logins INTO @login 
WHILE (@@FETCH_STATUS=0) BEGIN 

EXEC model..sp_change_users_login  'auto_fix', @login 

FETCH NEXT FROM logins INTO @login 

END 

--PRINT @@CURSOR_ROWS 
CLOSE logins 
DEALLOCATE logins 

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This was first published in September 2001

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