Number of business days between two dates

This procedure is useful to get the number of working days between the two dates given. It can be used to find answers to many questions such as the number of working days of an employee in an organisation. In our HRMS project, we need to calculate the actual leave days of an employee, excluding the holidays and week ends, and this script provides that. It has been tested on SQL Server 2000.

Create PROCEDURE Busdays @from_dt datetime,@to_dt datetime ,@wkends int output
@days int,
@dp int ,
@cnt int
set @wkends=0
set @cnt=0
set @days=datediff(d,@from_dt,@to_dt)
while @cnt <=@days
set @dp=datepart(dw,dateadd(day,@cnt,@from_dt))  
if @dp=1 or @dp=7
set @wkends=@wkends+1
set @cnt=@cnt+1

Reader Feedback

Bart H. writes: I think there's an error with the stored procedure code presented for the above tip. It actually counts the number of Weekend days within the given date range.

Unless I've completely misunderstood, to get the weekdays, the counter should be incremented when the datepart function returned value is not equal to 1 or 7.

I tested the procedure using 1-Nov-2003 and 8-Nov-2003, which is from the first Saturday in November to the second. There are 5 business days in this range, the Busdays procedure returned 3, presumably the Saturday,Sunday and the following Saturday. If a business has been using this code, their calculations will be way out.


    Requires Free Membership to View

More Information

  • Feedback: E-mail the editor with your thoughts about this tip.
  • More tips: Hundreds of free SQL Server tips and scripts.
  • Tip contest: Have a SQL Server tip to offer your fellow DBAs and developers? The best tips submitted will receive a cool prize -- submit your tip today!
  • Ask the Experts: Our SQL, database design, Oracle, SQL Server, DB2, metadata, and data warehousing gurus are waiting to answer your toughest questions.
  • Forums: Ask your technical SQL Server questions--or help out your peers by answering them--in our active forums.
  • Best Web Links: SQL Server tips, tutorials, and scripts from around the Web.

This was first published in November 2003

There are Comments. Add yours.

TIP: Want to include a code block in your comment? Use <pre> or <code> tags around the desired text. Ex: <code>insert code</code>

REGISTER or login:

Forgot Password?
By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy
Sort by: OldestNewest

Forgot Password?

No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

Your password has been sent to:

Disclaimer: Our Tips Exchange is a forum for you to share technical advice and expertise with your peers and to learn from other enterprise IT professionals. TechTarget provides the infrastructure to facilitate this sharing of information. However, we cannot guarantee the accuracy or validity of the material submitted. You agree that your use of the Ask The Expert services and your reliance on any questions, answers, information or other materials received through this Web site is at your own risk.