Tip

Convert XLS data to a SQL Server table

When you import an Excel table into SQL Server you wind up with a table with all the columns from the Excel table as fields and all the rows as records. However, in a RDBMS you normally want a table with three fields: row, col, and value. To do the conversion, I created a stored procedure without any cursors.

To start, let's say you have a "testtable" imported from Excel and an empty table "test_res" with three fields: name, date, value(bedrag). The Excel data looks like this:

name  [01/01/2000]  [01/02/2000] 
aaa           10             20 
bbb           30             40 

Here's the stored procedure:

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[transform] AS 
declare @t_id int 
declare @i int 
declare @sql nvarchar(500) 
declare @naam nvarchar(500) 
declare @datum datetime 
SET NOCOUNT OFF 

create table #col 
        ( 
        id int identity, 
        datum datetime, 
        datchar nvarchar(40) 
                          ) 

create table #col2 
        ( 
        id int identity, 
        naam nvarchar(40) 
                          ) 
select @t_id=id  from sysobjects where name = 'testtable' 
insert into #col (datum,datchar) select 
       convert(datetime,substring(name,2,len(name)-2)),name 
       from syscolumns where id = @t_id and colid > 1 order by colid 

insert into #col2 (naam) select  naam   from testtable 
truncate table test_res 

insert into test_res (naam,datum,bedrag)

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select #col2.naam,#col.datum,0 from #col cross join #col2 set @i = 2 while @i < ((select count(*) from #col ) + 2) begin set @sql = N'update test_res set bedrag = [' + COL_NAME(OBJECT_ID('testtable'), @i) + '] from test_res inner join testtable on test_res.naam = testtable.naam inner join #col on #col.datum= test_res.datum and #col.id = ' + CONVERT(char(5),@i - 1) execute sp_executesql @sql select @i = @i +1 end select * from test_res

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This was first published in February 2005

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