SQL Server Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing Microsoft SQL Server and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • C

    comma-separated values file (CSV)

    In computers, a CSV (comma-separated values) file contains the values in a table as a series of ASCII text lines organized so that each column value is separated by a comma from the next column's value and each row starts a new line.

  • Commerce XML (cXML or Commerce Extensible Markup Language)

    Commerce XML (cXML) is a standard for the online exchange of business transaction information in common formats.

  • commit

    A commit is the final step in the successful completion of a previously started database change as part of handling a transaction in a computing system.

  • Community Technology Preview (CTP)

    The Community Technology Preview (CTP) is an early version of a Microsoft product that is released to testers during the software development process. Microsoft releases several CTPs for each product, adding new features, updating pre-existing ones and fixing bugs with each release.

  • contiguity

    Contiguity (from Latin contiguus and contingere, to have contact with) is the state of being in close proximity with or even touching another object.

  • contiguous

    Contiguous describes two or more objects that are adjacent to each other.

  • CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture)

    Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) is an architecture and specification for creating, distributing, and managing distributed program objects in a network.

  • Java container

    In Sun Microsystems' JavaBeans component architecture and in Microsoft's Component Object Model (COM), a container is an application program or subsystem in which the program building block known as a component is run.

  • D

    DAO (Data Access Objects)

    DAO (Data Access Objects) is an application program interface (API) available with Microsoft's Visual Basic that lets a programmer request access to a Microsoft Access database.

  • data aggregation

    Data aggregation is any process in which information is gathered and expressed in a summary form, for purposes such as statistical analysis.

  • data corruption

    Data corruption is the deterioration of computer data as a result of some external agent.

  • data hiding

    Data hiding is a characteristic of object-oriented programming.

  • data mart (datamart)

    A data mart is a repository of data gathered from operational data and other sources that is designed to serve a particular community of knowledge workers.

  • data mining

    Data mining is the process of sorting through large data sets to identify patterns and establish relationships to solve problems through data analysis.

  • data preprocessing

    Data preprocessing describes any type of processing performed on raw data to prepare it for another processing procedure.

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