SQL Server Development Definitions

  • A

    ActiveX Data Objects (ADO)

    ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) is an application program interface from Microsoft that lets a programmer writing Windows applications get access to a relational or non-relational database from both Microsoft and other database providers.

  • AdventureWorks Database

    AdventureWorks Database is a sample OLTP database that Microsoft ships with all of its SQL Server database products.

  • AlwaysOn Availability Groups

    AlwaysOn Availability Groups is a database mirroring technique for Microsoft SQL Server that allows administrators to pull together a group of user databases that can fail over together.

  • AS1 (Applicability Statement 1)

    AS1 (Applicability Statement is a specification for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) communications between businesses using e-mail protocols.

  • B

    B-tree

    A B-tree is a method of placing and locating files (called records or keys) in a database.

  • binary tree

    A binary tree is a method of placing and locating files (called records or keys) in a database, especially when all the data is known to be in random access memory (RAM).

  • bit bucket

    Computer jargon users say that data which has been lost or thrown away has gone in the bit bucket.

  • BLOB (binary large object)

    In computers, a BLOB (binary large object), pronounced BLAHB and sometimes spelled in all lower case, is a large file, typically an image or sound file, that must be handled (for example, uploaded, downloaded, or stored in a database) in a special way because of its size.

  • block

    A block is a contiguous set of bits or bytes that forms an identifiable unit of data.

  • C

    C++

    C++ is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is viewed by many as the best language for creating large-scale applications.

  • catalog

    In computing, a catalog is a directory of information about data sets, files, or a database.

  • Commerce XML (cXML or Commerce Extensible Markup Language)

    Commerce XML (cXML) is a standard for the online exchange of business transaction information in common formats.

  • D

    data mart (datamart)

    A data mart is a repository of data gathered from operational data and other sources that is designed to serve a particular community of knowledge workers.

  • data structure

    A data structure is a specialized format for organizing and storing data.

  • database (DB)

    A database is a collection of information that is organized so that it can be easily accessed, managed and updated.

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