Could you please tell me, in brief, the differences between SQL-89, SQL-92 and SQL-1999, and whether Oracle and SQL Server fully adhere to SQL-1999?
A full list of the differences between SQL-89, SQL-92, and SQL-99 (a.k.a. SQL1, SQL2, and SQL3) cannot really be summed up in brief –- many changes occurred between each version. However, backwards-compatibility was stressed with each release, and code that worked against SQL-89 should still work with SQL-99.
The most important changes between SQL-89 and SQL-92, in my opinion, were modifications to the join syntax, specifically the addition of the OUTER JOIN clause.
SQL-99 really focused on the business analytics side of things, with additions such as Common Table Expressions and the SQL/PSM standard for defining Java-based modules. SQL/PSM (Persistent Stored Module) was actually added to SQL-92 in 1996, but is considered to be part of the SQL-99 standard.
Both SQL Server and Oracle do support parts of SQL-99 -– but neither of them supports the entire standard.
For more information on the ANSI SQL Standard, I recommend picking up a copy of A Guide to the SQL Standard (4th Edition) by C.J. Date and Hugh Darwen (Addison-Wesley Professional, 1996).
Dig Deeper on SQL-Transact SQL (T-SQL)
Related Q&A from Adam Machanic
Database servers needed for a site with thousands of users can vary depending on a number of factors, including your necessary level of load ...continue reading
SQL Server 2005 and T-SQL do have differences. The advantages and disadvantages would depend user environment as described by SQL Server 2005 expert...continue reading
Migrating to SQL Server 2005 from SQL Server 2000 is a hefty feat when compared to upgrading from 7.0 to SQL Server 2000. Site expert Adam Machanic ...continue reading
Have a question for an expert?
Please add a title for your question
Get answers from a TechTarget expert on whatever's puzzling you.